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Extinct Animals List

Rajib Singha Mar 20, 2020
Know about the immense loss that Nature had to incur! Learn about some of the most amazing animals which vanished in the doom of extinction, from this story on the extinct animals list.
"Tigers are not game and trees are not a source of fuel. The job that animals and plants perform in nature, is one of the many things which help us humans live our lives in comfort!"
I find no pleasure in conveying this information about the animals which have once trod upon this earth, but now are nowhere to make us feel that they exist. This is a discussion of the creatures which have faced the demolition of the last individual of their species, branding them as extinct animals.
Factors which are known to have caused this disaster include limited geographic range, genetic pollution, habitat loss, reckless hunting, extinction of other dependable species and global warming to name the common ones.

Animals that Got Extinct in the Last 10 years

The Golden Toad

The golden toad, known scientifically as Bufo periglenesm, is also attributed as Monteverde golden toad or the Monte Verde toad, Alajuela toad and orange toad. This bright, small, shiny toad existed in tropical forests which lay above the city of Monteverde, Costa Rica.
According to extensive research of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), not a single species of this toad is known to have been spotted anywhere in the world. In the year 2004, the golden toad was thus, declared extinct. Reasons for its demise were determined to be airborne pollution, habitat loss and global warming.

Po'o-uli

Coming next in the list of extinct animals, not more than 6 years from now, was the Po'o-uli, Melamposops phaeosoma. Also known as the Black-faced Honeycreeper, this bird was known to be native to Hawaii.
Its discovery was made in the year 1973 on the island of Maui and after a period of 26 years, it was reported that only three individuals of this species were known to exist. One of these three, know to be a male, was brought in captivity, in order to breed the bird.
However, no mate could be traced for the male, before it demised in the year 2004. As the probability to locate the other individuals and to breed them in captivity (considering their low fertility and sex) is extremely low, the current population in the wild is considered to be zero.
All these factors have made them to be declared functionally extinct in 2004.

Pyrenean Ibex

The Pyrenean Ibex existed, which I remember I knew until the year 2000, now is in the list of extinct animals. Scientifically known as Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica, this animal was known to be one of the four subspecies of the Spanish Ibex.
In January 2000, the Pyrean Ibex marked the extinction of its species with its demise. The other subspecies which still survive are considered at the verge of extinction or 'Near Threatened'.

Hawaiian Crow

Declared as an extinct species in the wild, the last two individuals of the Hawaiian crow were known to disappear in 2002. The Hawaiian crow, Corvus hawaiiensis, before its extinction, was found only in the western and southeastern parts of the island of Hawaii. It is known that there are about 56 individuals in captive breeding facilities.

Spix's Macaw

Another one in this list is the Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii). A native to Brazil, its last known species disappeared by the end of 2000.
Trapping for trade and habitat loss are the main reason which caused the species of this bird to dwindle down to nothing. Even if there is any population of the Spix's Macaw, it is most likely to be a petite one and thus, according to the IUCN database, it is treated as extinct in the wild.
So this was a brief data about the unfortunate and sad demise of some of the most splendid creatures of the Earth, which were breathing a few years back from now. The list below is a presentation of the animals which faced complete 'wipe off' from the face of the Earth; some a few years ago and some more than 100 years ago. Some of the animals which have been declared extinct are according to geographical regions.

Extinct Animals

  • Aurochs
  • Arabian Gazelle
  • Big-eared Hopping Mous
  • Bulldog Rat
  • Panay Giant Fruit Bat
  • Dusky Flying Fox
  • Elephant Bird
  • Upland Moa
  • King Island Emu
  • Korean Crested Shelduck
  • Mauritian Shelduck
  • Amsterdam Island Duck
  • Mauritian Duck
  • Javanese LapwingEskimo Curle
  • Great Auk
  • Passenger Pigeon
  • Bonin Woodpigeon
  • Negros Fruit-Dove
  • Dodo
  • New Zealand Greater Short-tailed Bat
  • Marcano's Solenodon
  • Balearic Shrew
  • Chadwick Beach Cotton Mouse
  • Gould's Mouse
  • Falkland Island Wolf
  • Bali Tiger
  • Tasmanian Tiger
  • Japanese Wolf
  • Mexican Grizzly Bear
  • Sea Mink
  • Japanese Sea Lion
  • Caspian Tiger
  • Javan Tiger
  • Caribbean Monk Seal
  • Western Black Rhinoceros
  • Puerto Rican Flower Bat
  • Dusky Flying Fox
  • Broad-faced Potoroo
  • Lake Mackay Hare-Wallaby
  • Desert Rat-kangarooToolache Wallaby
  • Pig-footed Bandicoot
  • Red-bellied Gracile Opossum
  • Steller's Sea Cow
  • Oriente Cave Rat
  • Darling Downs Hopping Mouse
  • Long-Tailed Hopping Mouse
  • Pemberton's Deer Mouse
  • Big-eared Hopping Mouse
  • St Lucy Giant Rice Rat
  • Atlas Bear
  • Lesser Mascarene Flying Fox
  • Bubal Hartebeest
  • Madagascan Dwarf Hippopotamus
  • Red Gazelle
  • Canary Islands Giant Rat
  • Large Saint Helena Petrel
  • Newton's Parakeet
  • Cape Verde Giant Skink
  • Saddle-backed Mauritius Giant Tortoise
  • Rodrigues Giant Day Gecko
  • Round Island Burrowing Boa
  • Rodrigues Day Gecko
  • Réunion Giant Tortoise
  • Typhlops Cariei
  • Domed Mauritius Giant Tortoise
  • Pantanodon Madagascariensis
  • Ptychochromoides Itasy
  • Egyptian Barbary Sheep
  • Cape Lion
  • Barbary lion
  • Scimitar Oryx
  • Cave Bear
  • European Cave Lion
  • Elasmotherium
  • Maltese Hippopotamus
  • Tenerife Giant Rat
  • Steppe Rhinoceros
  • Eurasian Aurochs
  • Caucasian Moose
  • Caucasian Wisent
  • Majorcan Giant Dormouse
  • Sardinian Pika
  • Ratas Island Lizardani
  • Asiatic Lion
  • Gray Whale
  • Western European Lion
  • Falkland Island Wolf
  • Argentine Fox
  • Indefatigable Galapagos Mouse
  • Duane's Armadillo
  • Terror Birds
  • Darwin's Ground Finch
  • Red-throated Wood-rail
  • Sri Lanka Lion
  • Steppe Wisent
  • Cave lion
  • Giant Unicorn
  • Woolly Rhinoceros
  • Anthropocene
  • Indian Aurochs
  • Chinese Elephant
  • Northern Sumatran Rhinoceros
  • Java Tiger
  • Panay Giant Fruit Bat
  • Arabian Gazelle
  • Chinese River Dolphin (Baiji)
  • Asiatic Ostrich
  • Bonin Wood Pigeon
  • Western Koala
  • Desert Rat-kangaroo
  • White-footed Rabbit-Rat
  • Central Hare-Wallaby
  • Gastric-brooding Frog
  • Harlequin Lizard
  • Stewart Island Snipe
  • New Zealand Quail
  • South Island Piopio
  • Quagga
  • New Zealand Coot
  • Finsch's Duck
  • Bush Moa
  • Laughing Owl
  • Liverpool Pigeon
  • Sulu Bleeding-heart
  • Thick-billed Ground-Dove
Extinction of animals which occurred due to the forces of nature, was perhaps, inevitable. However, extinction which resulted from the reckless acts of humans, could have been stopped. The few number of animal species which we are left with now, have all reasons to be included in the list presented above, unless, we do something about it.

Hunting, poaching, hunger to occupy more and more land, deforestation and many other factors have known to directly or indirectly, disrupt the existence of animals. But are we aware that every living creature on this Earth is a vital part of the ecosystem. 

The extinction of one species, directly affects the survival of other and the disruption does not stop there. It only spreads like a plague!